Agricultural Impact Statements (AIS)

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​​​The Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection (DATCP) prepares agricultural impact statements (AIS) for public projects that will involve acquiring farmland, through either outright purchase or easements. 

A public project is one where the party in charge -- the project initiator -- has condemnation authority, also called eminent domain.​ Public projects include roads, airports, electric transmission lines, pipelines, parks and wastewater treatment plants. Project initiators include local governments, state agencies, and utilities.​

The AIS analyzes the economic impact on individual farms, identifies the acreage potentially lost or affected, and conveys land owner concerns. It may recommend ways to reduce the impact on farms, and may be useful in negotiations between the land owner and project initiator.

Introduction to Agricultural Impact Statement Program
​Click for an introduction to the AIS program. 

​When notice of an agricultural impact is required

​Project initiators are required to notify DATCP of any project involving the actual or potential exercise of the powers of eminent domain affecting a farm operation​. Depending on the acreage of impact to any one farm operation, project initiators should review the list of notification alternatives below: 

  • Projects taking 5.0 or more acres from any one farm operation: Project initiators must complete the appropriate agricultural impact notification (AIN) forms. AIN forms can be accessed from the "Notification Forms" button located under the resources section below.
  • Projects taking 1.0 to 4.9 acres from any one farm operation: Project initiators should review the Non-Significant Acquisitions and Summary AIN document to determine the if a summary AIN is suitable to meet the project notification requirement. 
  • Projects taking less than 1.0 acre from any one farm operation: Project initiators should review the Non-Significant Acquisitions and Summary AIN document to determine if the project meets qualifications to be considered a “Non-Significant Acquisition” by DATCP.
Questions on selecting the appropriate notification alternative? Please contact the AIS program for assistance.

​When we prepare agricultural impact statements​

An agricultural impact statement is required when:

  • The project initiator has condemnation authority, and
  • The project will take more than 5 acres from any one farm, regardless of land ownership

Town road projects, and electric transmission line projects carrying less than 100 kilovolts are exempt. 

An agricultural impact statement may be prepared when:

  • The project initiator has condemnation authority, and 
  • The project would significantly affect a farm, even if it takes five acres or less from any one farm, or
  • The project is located within the boundaries of a city or village, but would still significantly affect a farm. 

Current Agricultural Impact Statements