Vacation should be a time of rest and relaxation, but it is
also a prime opportunity for identity thieves who might take advantage of
changed routines and more informal settings. It is important to remember that
when you travel, your risk of exposure to fraud and identity theft may
increase. It is a fact that people tend to let their guard down while on
vacation. Criminals know this.
Identity theft is often a crime of opportunity. Do not be a
vacationer who presents a crook with that opportunity. Your personal
information, credit and debit cards, driver’s license, passport, and other
personal information are the fraudster’s target. A few minutes spent planning
before you travel can help reduce the risk that a fraudster will ruin your
To guard your identity while vacationing, here are some
Clean out your wallet. Remove unnecessary credit cards, your
Social Security card, and other unneeded documents that could compromise your
identity if lost or stolen while on vacation. If you have a Medicare card, make
a photocopy without the last four digits of your Social Security number.
Contrary to some advice, it is best to carry two credit
cards. Carrying too many credit cards will subject you to additional
aggravation if your wallet is lost or stolen. But there is a risk in carrying
only one credit card if, for example, your card inadvertently becomes
inactivated due to suspected fraud or if the magnetic strip becomes damaged.
Having this happen while away from home could become a major headache.
Photocopy or make a list of the remaining contents of your
wallet. Keep it in a secure and locked location or with a trusted individual at
home whom you can contact in case your wallet is lost or stolen.
Do not leave your wallet or any documents containing
personal information in your hotel room unattended. Hotel rooms are not the
most secure places. Many people have access to the room. Use a hotel safe when
Call your bank and credit card companies to let them know
when and where you will be traveling. Their fraud departments may then monitor your
accounts for unauthorized transactions during this time. It is also recommended
that you know your personal identification number (PIN), before traveling, if
your PIN is a six digit PIN ask your financial institution to convert it to a
four digit PIN that will be more widely accepted while traveling abroad.
Many countries, including those in Europe, use chip and PIN
or EMV-enabled cards, these cards use a microchip and a personal identification
number (PIN) embedded in the chip to validate transactions. A U.S. issued
credit card without a chip and PIN can still be used while traveling but
usually only at locations with a sales attendant. Many locations, such as
ticketing machines, toll roads and fuel pumps, require the chip and PIN cards.
Leave your checkbook in a secure locked place at home.
Use credit cards instead of debit cards. This reduces your
vulnerability to having your checking account emptied while you are on
vacation. Debit Cards and Credit Cards have different fraud reporting timelines
and liabilities for the consumer, check with your bank to learn more details.
Guard your credit card receipts and car rental agreements,
particularly if they contain your full credit card number.
If you plan on using an ATM card during your vacation, use
one that does not have debit card privileges (for example one that requires a
PIN and does not contain a Visa or MasterCard logo). You can ask your bank to
change an ATM/debit card to one that is "ATM only." It is best to use
ATM machines found at banks or credit unions and that are in well-lit areas. Be
sure to examine the ATM machine carefully for signs of tampering. Be on the
lookout for anything that looks suspicious; a simple pull of the card reader or
a wiggle of the keypad will help identify possible skimming devices or altered
ATMs. Also look for small or pin-hole cameras placed above the keyboard that try
and steal your PIN. Always remember to cover your hands when you enter your
PIN, it’s the easiest way to protect yourself from a hidden camera or someone
looking over your shoulder. If it does not feel or look right, consider finding
another ATM to use.
When dining at a restaurant, try to keep an eye on your
credit card when you pay your bill. If the server removes your card from sight,
they may be able to create a “clone” by using a portable card skimmer that will
copy the information from the card’s magnetic strip.
Many restaurants have installed table-top payment pads or
self-service tablets to allow consumers to pay for their bill right at the
table. This could improve credit card security by ensuring your card never
leaves your possession, limiting the risk of your card being “cloned” or even
accidently leaving your card at the establishment. Be sure to read the
instructions carefully, ask about "fees" for using the service and ensure
your transaction is fully completed and processed prior to leaving.
Ask your Post Office or a trusted neighbor to hold your mail
for you. Mail that is left in an unlocked mailbox is a goldmine for identity
thieves. It also sends a signal to potential burglars that your house is
If you are bringing your laptop with you, be very careful
when using it to access online banking or other password-protected services
from Wi-Fi networks. Be sure to use Wi-Fi "hotspots" that are secured.
Be aware that keyloggers (software that can track your
keystrokes) may be tracking you when using cyber-cafés, hotel business centers,
or other public access Internet facilities rather than bringing your own laptop
with you. Public access facilities may use servers that are not encrypted.
Therefore, never access any sensitive information from a public computer.
Always be cautious with the information you share on social
networking sites. You would not put a sign on your front door saying “Away on
Vacation”. When you broadcast your travel plans on a social networking site,
you are doing the same thing electronically. This information can then be used
by criminals who will know that you will be away from home.
Turn on two-factor authentication if offered. Two-factor
authentication is an added layer of security that combines something you have (a physical token such as a card or a code) with something you know [something memorized such as a personal identitifaction number (PIN) or a password].
(Information taken from the Privacy Rights Clearinghouse fact sheet "Planning a