Mosquito Control Information for Home Owners
With the increased awareness of West Nile Virus and other diseases transmitted by mosquitoes, homeowners have options in the control of mosquito populations around their residence.
This page is available as a PDF.
Around the Home
Female mosquitoes lay their eggs in or near water. The most effective way to control mosquitoes is to eliminate possible breeding places:
- Empty standing water in unused tires, buckets, containers, plastic covers, toys, sandboxes, outdoor equipment, pet dishes, etc.
- Empty and change the water in bird baths, fountains, wading pools and potted plant trays at least once a week.
- Drain or fill temporary puddles with dirt.
- Properly maintain swimming pools and unclog rain gutters.
Take steps to protect yourself and your family:
- Use mosquito repellents that contain DEET (diethyl-meta-toluamide) and carefully follow all label directions and precautions.
- For children, use products with less than 10 percent DEET.
- Wear long sleeves and long pants if you or family members venture into areas with high mosquito populations.
- Stay inside in the early morning and early evening when mosquitoes are active.
- Be sure window and door screens are fitted properly and in good repair.
If you choose to use pesticides to control mosquitoes, you have the option of doing it yourself or hiring a professional pesticide application business. Be aware that mosquitoes can fly in from surrounding areas after your property is treated and the effectiveness of most mosquito pesticide applications is short lived.
Homeowner Pesticide Applications
- Read the label and follow all instructions carefully.
- Be sure the product you select is labeled for use on adult mosquitoes or for the site where mosquitoes live.
- Pesticides for mosquito larvae must be applied to water. However, there are special requirements for applying pesticides to waters of the state.
- If there is a pond, stream, lake or other water body on your property, you may need a permit from the Department of Natural Resources and you may be required to hire a professional pesticide application business. Contact your DNR district office for permit information.
- Check the label for a registration number from the Environmental Protection Agency - (EPA). This verifies that you are using a legally registered pesticide.
- Only treat your property. Drifting pesticides or over applying sprays or granules onto other properties is against the law.
Commercial Pesticide Applications
Pesticide application businesses that offer mosquito control must meet the following requirements:
To find commercially licensed pesticide application businesses and pesticide applicators who are certified as commercial applicators including those certified to control mosquitoes, check our Internet-based directory. The directory is updated weekly and contains licensed businesses and those applicators certified to apply pesticides in Wisconsin.
You can also contact DATCP at 608-224-4500 or send an e-mail email@example.com for a listing of currently licensed commercial pesticide application businesses.
Product or Applicator Claims
No product or applicator can claim to eliminate the chance of contracting West Nile Virus. The most that can be done is to temporarily reduce the numbers of mosquitoes around your residence.
WNV Disease Information - Wisconsin Department of Health Services
Human health information including a map of disease surveillance.
Pesticide Rules and Requirement - DATCP
Pesticide licenses, permits, certification information.
Chemical Control of Aquatic Plants and Vegetation - DNR
Permit information to apply pesticides to water for aquatic plant or mosquito control.
National Pesticide Information Center
Provides objective, science-based information about pesticides, including mosquito repellents and insecticides, 1-800-858-7378 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
Pesticides and Mosquito Control - EPA
Information on mosquito control methods, pesticides, repellents, other resources.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Extensive information on WNV including prevention, surveillance, and health.
For more information on the use of pesticides to control mosquitoes, call 608-224-4500 or e-mail email@example.com